化工进展 ›› 2022, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (9): 4855-4865.DOI: 10.16085/j.issn.1000-6613.2021-2248

• 材料科学与技术 • 上一篇    下一篇

木质素基材料在混合型超级电容器电极材料中的研究进展

龙垠荧1(), 杨健1, 管敏1, 杨怡洛1, 程正柏2, 曹海兵2, 刘洪斌1(), 安兴业1()   

  1. 1.天津科技大学轻工科学与工程学院,天津市制浆造纸重点实验室,天津 300457
    2.浙江景兴纸业股份 有限公司,浙江 平湖 314214
  • 收稿日期:2021-11-02 修回日期:2022-02-01 出版日期:2022-09-25 发布日期:2022-09-27
  • 通讯作者: 刘洪斌,安兴业
  • 作者简介:龙垠荧(1997—),女,硕士研究生,研究方向为先进纤维与纸基功能材料。E-mail:13508553494@163.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家重点研发计划(2019YFC1905904);国家自然科学基金(3210140637);浙江景兴纸业股份有限公司校企合作项目;中国博士后科学基金(2021M692401);天津市自然科学基金(19JCQNJC05400)

Research progress of lignin-based materials in electrode materials for hybrid supercapacitors

LONG Yinying1(), YANG Jian1, GUAN Min1, YANG Yiluo1, CHENG Zhengbai2, CAO Haibing2, LIU Hongbin1(), AN Xingye1()   

  1. 1.Tianjin Key Laboratory of Pulp and Paper, College of Light Industry Science and Engineering, Tianjin University of Science and Technology, Tianjin 300457, China
    2.Zhejiang Jing Xing Paper Joint Stock Co. , Ltd. , Pinghu 314214, Zhejiang, China
  • Received:2021-11-02 Revised:2022-02-01 Online:2022-09-25 Published:2022-09-27
  • Contact: LIU Hongbin, AN Xingye

摘要:

木质素是一种多酚聚合物,具有丰富的芳香类官能团和含氧官能团,且在碳化后形成的多孔碳材料易于转化为石墨化碳层,从而形成局部高导电区域,是制备超级电容器的优质前体,故将木质素用于混合型超级电容器逐渐成为研究热点之一。本文综述了近年来木质素碳材料在混合型超级电容器电极材料中的应用,重点分析了木质素在其中的作用,将其总结为3类进行介绍,包括木质素/多孔炭(石墨烯、碳纳米管)型、木质素/金属化合物(金属氧化物、硫化物、氢氧化物)型和木质素/导电聚合物(聚苯胺、聚吡咯、聚噻吩)型。此外,还介绍了木质素基混合型超级电容器在柔性超级电容器中的应用。最后,总结了木质素基材料应用在混合超级电容器中的优势和挑战。

关键词: 超级电容器, 木质素, 电极材料, 碳材料, 电化学性能

Abstract:

Lignin is increasingly focused on the application of hybrid supercapacitors. It is a polyphenolic polymer with abundant aromatic functional groups and oxygen-containing functional groups, and is easily transformed into graphitized carbon layer via carbonization to form local highly conductive region, which is a high-quality candidate for the preparation of supercapacitors. Hence, it is becoming a cutting-edge spot using lignin based materials in hybrid supercapacitors. This paper reviewed the recent advances of lignin-based carbon materials in the electrode materials for hybrid supercapacitors with the emphasis on the roles/functions of lignin within electrode materials. Three categories including lignin/porous carbon type (e.g., graphene, carbon nanotube), lignin/metal compound type (e.g., metal oxides, sulfides, hydroxides) and lignin/conductive polymer type (e.g., polyaniline, polypyrrole, polythiophene) were introduced, respectively. Furthermore, the application of lignin-based hybrid supercapacitors in flexible supercapacitors was also presented. Finally, the prospects and challenges of lignin-based materials for hybrid supercapacitor applications were summarized.

Key words: supercapacitors, lignin, electrode materials, carbon materials, electrochemical performance

中图分类号: 

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