化工进展 ›› 2022, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (5): 2340-2347.DOI: 10.16085/j.issn.1000-6613.2021-1196

• 能源加工与技术 • 上一篇    下一篇

热风再循环机炉耦合高效发电系统变负荷性能仿真及优化

马有福1(), 王梓文1, 吕俊复2   

  1. 1.上海理工大学能源与动力工程学院,上海市动力工程多相流动与传热重点实验室,上海 200093
    2.清华大学 能源与动力工程系,热科学与动力工程教育部重点实验室,北京 100084
  • 收稿日期:2021-06-04 修回日期:2021-09-05 出版日期:2022-05-05 发布日期:2022-05-24
  • 通讯作者: 马有福
  • 作者简介:马有福(1978—),男,博士,副教授,研究方向为燃煤电厂热力系统优化与气液两相流。E-mail:imayoufu@163.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家重点研发计划(2016YFB0600203)

Simulation of off-design performance of an efficient power generation system with cold-ends optimization using hot air recirculation

MA Youfu1(), WANG Ziwen1, LYU Junfu2   

  1. 1.Shanghai Key Laboratory of Multiphase Flow and Heat Transfer in Power Engineering, School of Energy and Power Engineering, University of Shanghai for Science and Technology, Shanghai 200093, China
    2.Key Laboratory for Thermal Science and Power Engineering of Ministry of Education, Department of Energy and Power Engineering, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China
  • Received:2021-06-04 Revised:2021-09-05 Online:2022-05-05 Published:2022-05-24
  • Contact: MA Youfu

摘要:

基于热风再循环回收烟气余热的机炉耦合发电(HAR)系统具有高效节能、受热面投资少、运行安全性高等优点。为解决其在全负荷范围安全又高效运行的问题,本文以某600MW烟煤机组为例,利用Ebsilon软件对HAR系统进行变负荷仿真研究。结果表明:烟气余热回收系统的排烟温度随负荷减小而降低,使锅炉空气预热器在低负荷下面临严重低温腐蚀风险;在低负荷下,现有的HAR系统难以通过调节高压、低压省煤器吸热量控制空气预热器冷端金属温度从而控制低温腐蚀;为在全负荷范围保证HAR系统内受热面安全可靠运行,提出了在余热回收系统中增设热量旁通管的HAR优化系统;在50%~100%热耗率验收工况(THA)负荷范围,应用该系统可使实例机组的标煤煤耗降低1.94~3.32g/(kW·h),在全负荷范围保持显著节能效益。为进一步推进该技术付诸应用,文章提出了HAR优化系统的运行控制方法。

关键词: 火力发电厂, 节能, 余热回收, 热经济性, 热风再循环

Abstract:

The boiler-turbine coupling power system based on hot air recirculation (HAR) process can improve the efficiency of a thermal power plant significantly, and has the advantages of low investment and high operation safety. In order to solve the problem of safe and efficient operation of the HAR system in the whole load variation range, an in-service 600MW hard-coal-fired power unit was taken as the reference unit, and the variable load simulation of the HAR system was carried out by using the Ebsilon software. The results showed that, the exhaust gas temperature of the waste heat recovery system decreases with the decrease of power load, which might lead to serious low temperature corrosion risk for air preheater under low load. For the existing HAR system, under low load it is difficult to remain a safe cold-end metal temperature for the rotary air-preheater against low-temperature acid corrosion by adjusting the heat absorption of the high-pressure and low-pressure economizers. In order to ensure the safe and reliable operation of the heating surfaces of the HAR system in the whole load variation range, an optimized HAR system was proposed by adding a heat-bypass pipe into the waste heat recovery system. In the load range of 50%—100%THA (turbine heat acceptance), the application of the optimized HAR system could reduce the standard coal consumption of the reference unit by 1.94—3.32g/(kW·h), thereby achieving marked energy-savings in the whole load variation range. To promote the novel technology into practice, a method of controlling the operation of the optimized HAR system was proposed.

Key words: thermal power plant, energy saving, waste heat recovery, thermal economy, hot air recirculation

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