化工进展 ›› 2023, Vol. 42 ›› Issue (1): 435-444.DOI: 10.16085/j.issn.1000-6613.2022-0588

• 资源与环境化工 • 上一篇    下一篇

烟气胺法CO2捕集技术进展与未来发展趋势

陆诗建1,2(), 刘苗苗1,2, 刘玲1,2, 康国俊1,2, 毛松柏3, 王风1,2, 张娟娟1,2, 贡玉萍1,2   

  1. 1.中国矿业大学碳中和研究院,江苏 徐州 221116
    2.中国矿业大学化工学院,江苏 徐州 221116
    3.中石化南京化工研究院有限公司,江苏 南京 210044
  • 收稿日期:2022-04-08 修回日期:2022-04-26 出版日期:2023-01-25 发布日期:2023-02-20
  • 通讯作者: 陆诗建
  • 作者简介:陆诗建(1984—),博士,研究员,研究方向为CCUS与废气治理技术。E-mail:lushijian@cumt.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    四川省科技厅项目(2021ZYD0044);江苏省煤基温室气体减排与资源化利用重点实验室创新能力建设专项(2020ZDZZ01A)

Progress and future development trend of amine method of CO2 capture technology from flue gas

LU Shijian1,2(), LIU Miaomiao1,2, LIU Ling1,2, KANG Guojun1,2, MAO Songbai3, WANG Feng1,2, ZHANG Juanjuan1,2, GONG Yuping1,2   

  1. 1.Institute of Carbon Neutralization, China University of mining and technology, Xuzhou 221116, Jiangsu, China
    2.School of Chemical Engineering, China University of Mining and Technology, Xuzhou 221116, Jiangsu, China
    3.Sinopec Nanjing Research Institute of Chemical Industry Co. , Ltd. , Nanjing 210044, Jiangsu, China
  • Received:2022-04-08 Revised:2022-04-26 Online:2023-01-25 Published:2023-02-20
  • Contact: LU Shijian

摘要:

全球气候变化是目前世界面临的严峻问题之一,CO2等温室气体的过量排放是导致全球气候变暖的主要原因。碳捕集、利用和封存(CCUS)是现阶段解决全球气候变暖的必要手段,基于有机胺的化学吸收法因捕集效率高、烟气适应性好,成为目前燃煤燃气电厂捕集CO2的关键技术路径。本文详细介绍了胺法CO2捕集技术的基本原理及胺法CO2捕集技术工艺流程,分析了新型吸收剂的开发、节能技术的优化等降低胺法CO2捕集技术再生能耗和成本的关键手段。结合研究现状以及烟气胺法CO2捕集需求,对其未来的发展趋势进行展望。

关键词: CO2捕集技术, 胺吸收剂, 节能技术, 反应器, 研究进展

Abstract:

Global climate change is currently one of the serious problems facing the world. Excessive emission of greenhouse gases such as CO2 is the main cause of global warming. Carbon capture, utilization and storage (CCUS) is a necessary means to solve global warming. Chemical solvent absorption based on organic amine has become a key technology path for CO2 capture in coal-fired and gas-fired power plants due to its high capture efficiency and good adaptability of flue gas. This paper introduces the basic principle and process flow of amine method of CO2 capture technology, analyzes the development of new absorbent, optimization of energy saving technology and other key means to reduce the renewable energy consumption and cost of amine method of CO2 capture technology. Combined with the research status and the demand for amine method of CO2 capture from flue gas, its future development trend is prospected.

Key words: CO2 capture, amine absorbent, energy saving technology, reactor, research progress

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