化工进展 ›› 2021, Vol. 40 ›› Issue (S2): 101-108.doi: 10.16085/j.issn.1000-6613.2021-0689

• 能源加工与技术 • 上一篇    下一篇

冰点以下多孔介质中气体水合物的生成动力学研究进展

张学民1,2,3(), 张梦军1,2,3, 杨惠结1,2,3, 李银辉1,2,3, 李金平1,2,3, 王英梅1,2,4   

  1. 1.兰州理工大学能源与动力工程学院,甘肃 兰州 730050
    2.甘肃省生物质能与太阳能互补供能系统重点实验室,甘肃 兰州 730050
    3.兰州理工大学西部能源与环境研究中心,甘肃 兰州 730050
    4.中国科学院西北生态环境 资源研究院冻土工程国家重点实验室,甘肃 兰州 730050
  • 收稿日期:2021-04-05 修回日期:2021-05-19 出版日期:2021-11-12 发布日期:2021-11-12
  • 通讯作者: 张学民 E-mail:zxm2010lut@163.com
  • 作者简介:张学民(1987—),男,博士,副教授,硕士生导师,主要从事气体水合物生成与分解动力学方面的研究。E-mail: zxm2010lut@163.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金(51906093);甘肃省高等学校创新能力提升项目(2019A-019);中科院天然气水合物重点实验室开放基金(Y907ke1001);兰州理工大学“红柳优秀青年人才支持计划”(2018)

Research progress on formation kinetics of gas hydrate in porous media below freezing point

ZHANG Xuemin1,2,3(), ZHANG Mengjun1,2,3, YANG Huijie1,2,3, LI Yinhui1,2,3, LI Jinping1,2,3, WANG Yingmei1,2,4   

  1. 1.School of Energy and Power Engineering, Lanzhou University of Technology, Lanzhou 730050, Gansu, China
    2.Key Lab of Complementary Energy System of Biomass and Solar Energy Gansu Province, Lanzhou 730050, Gansu, China
    3.Western China Energy & Environment Research Center, Lanzhou University of Technology, Lanzhou 730050, Gansu, China
    4.Northwest Institute of Eco-Environment and Resources, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Lanzhou 730050, Gansu, China
  • Received:2021-04-05 Revised:2021-05-19 Online:2021-11-12 Published:2021-11-12
  • Contact: ZHANG Xuemin E-mail:zxm2010lut@163.com

摘要:

青藏高原冻土区储存着大量的天然气水合物资源,CO2置换开采冻土区的天然气水合物可实现天然气水合物的安全开采和温室气体CO2的地层封存。冰点以下多孔介质中气体水合物的生成动力学,是冻土区天然气水合物置换开采研究领域的难点和热点问题。本文全面综述了冰点以下多孔介质中气体水合物的生成动力学研究进展,讨论了不同体系冰点以下多孔介质中气体水合物的形成机理及其生成特性;详述了冰生成水合物机理及其冰粉/多孔介质体系中气体水合物的生成特性,分析了冰点以下多孔介质中气体水合物生成动力学研究尚待完善和改进的地方。最后本文指出冰点以下多孔介质中水合物的生成过程是由传热、传质等多种因素所控制,揭示不同过程的主导因素及其影响规律是今后研究的重点方向。目前对冰点以下多孔介质中水合物的生成特性及机理的认识尚未成熟,仍需深入研究。

关键词: 多孔介质, 气体水合物, 生成动力学, 形成机理, 生成促进

Abstract:

There are a lot of natural gas hydrate resources in the permafrost area of Qinghai-Tibet Plateau. The safe exploitation of natural gas hydrate and the formation storage of greenhouse gas CO2 can be realized by the CO2 replacement mining of natural gas hydrate in permafrost area. The formation kinetics of gas hydrate in porous media below the freezing point is a difficult and hot issue in the research field of gas hydrate replacement and exploitation in frozen soil regions. In this paper, the research progress on the formation kinetics of gas hydrate in porous media below freezing point is comprehensively reviewed, and the formation mechanism and characteristics of gas hydrate in porous media below freezing point in different systems are discussed. In addition, the mechanism of ice hydrate formation and the formation characteristics of gas hydrate in the ice powder/porous media system are described in detail, and analyzed the area that need to be perfected and improved in the research on the kinetics of gas hydrate formation in porous media below freezing point. Finally, it is pointed out that the formation process of hydrate in porous media below freezing point is controlled by various factors such as heat transfer and mass transfer, and revealing the dominant factors and influence laws of different processes is the focus of future research. At present, the understanding of the formation characteristics and mechanism of hydrates in porous media below the freezing point is not yet mature, and in-depth research is still needed.

Key words: porous media, gas hydrate, formation kinetics, formation mechanism, formation promotion

中图分类号: 

  • O643.1