化工进展 ›› 2023, Vol. 42 ›› Issue (9): 4692-4705.DOI: 10.16085/j.issn.1000-6613.2023-0598

• 工业催化 • 上一篇    下一篇

MOFs材料在光电催化领域应用的研究进展

葛全倩1,2(), 徐迈2(), 梁铣2, 王凤武2()   

  1. 1.安徽理工大学材料科学与工程学院,安徽 淮南 232001
    2.淮南师范学院化学与材料工程学院,安徽 淮南 232038
  • 收稿日期:2023-04-14 修回日期:2023-05-18 出版日期:2023-09-15 发布日期:2023-09-28
  • 通讯作者: 徐迈,王凤武
  • 作者简介:葛全倩(1998—),女,硕士研究生,研究方向为光电催化纳米复合材料。E-mail:3288903561@qq.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金(22078121);安徽省高校自然科学基金重点项目(KJ2021A0963)

Research progress on the application of MOFs in photoelectrocatalysis

GE Quanqian1,2(), XU Mai2(), LIANG Xian2, WANG Fengwu2()   

  1. 1.School of Materials Science and Engineering, Anhui University of Science and Technology, Huainan 232001, Anhui, China
    2.School of Chemistry and Material Engineering, Huainan Normal University, Huainan 232038, Anhui, China
  • Received:2023-04-14 Revised:2023-05-18 Online:2023-09-15 Published:2023-09-28
  • Contact: XU Mai, WANG Fengwu

摘要:

为满足可持续发展的要求,光电催化在水分解制氢、CO2还原和污染物降解等方面的应用由于其在储能和运输方面的可预测性优势而成为研究热点。金属有机框架(MOFs)材料具有高比表面积、金属/有机配体丰富、孔体积大、结构和组成可调等优点,在光电催化领域应用中具有巨大的潜力。因此,本文主要从水分解制氢、CO2还原、有机污染物降解这三个方面,综述了MOFs材料在光电催化领域中的应用研究进展。首先简要介绍了近年来MOFs材料在催化领域的进展,总结了几种MOFs催化剂应用较广的合成方法,并就其优劣进行比较;其次分别介绍了MOF基光电催化剂在这几个应用方面的基本机理和最新研究进展;最后,本文对MOFs材料在光电极中的作用及其在光电催化领域所面临的机遇和挑战进行了简要的总结与展望。

关键词: 金属有机框架, 光电催化, 产氢, CO2还原, 降解有机污染物

Abstract:

To meet the requirements of sustainable development, photoelectric catalytic decomposition of hydrogen in the water, CO2 reduction and degradation of pollutants, has become the research hot spot due to its predictability of advantage in energy storage and transport. Metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) material with high specific surface area, metal/organic ligand rich, large pore volume, structure and composition of the advantages of adjustable, has great potential in photoelectric catalysis applications. Therefore, this article mainly reviewed the research progress on the application of MOFs materials in the photoelectric catalysis from the three aspects of hydrogen production from water decomposition, CO2 reduction and organic pollutants degradation. Firstly, the MOFs materials were introduced in the field of catalysis in recent years. Several widely used MOFs catalyst synthesis methods were summarized, and their advantages and disadvantages were compared. Secondly, a few basic mechanisms and the latest research progress in the application of MOF based photoelectric catalyst was introduced in detail respectively. Finally, the role of MOFs materials in optical electrode and the opportunities and challenges in the field of photoelectric catalysis was carried on the brief summary and outlook.

Key words: metal organic framework, photoelectrocatalyst, hydrogen production, CO2 reduction, degradation of organic pollutants

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