化工进展 ›› 2023, Vol. 42 ›› Issue (6): 3012-3028.DOI: 10.16085/j.issn.1000-6613.2022-1442

• 材料科学与技术 • 上一篇    下一篇

氧化石墨烯/碳纳米管对几种典型高分子材料的性能影响

许春树1,2(), 姚庆达2,3, 梁永贤2, 周华龙2,4()   

  1. 1.晋江市质量计量检测所,福建 泉州 362200
    2.四川大学(石狮)先进高分子材料研究中心,福建 泉州 362700
    3.兴业皮革科技股份有限公司,福建 泉州 362200
    4.四川大学制革清洁技术国家工程实验室,四川 成都 610000
  • 收稿日期:2022-08-02 修回日期:2022-09-21 出版日期:2023-06-25 发布日期:2023-06-29
  • 通讯作者: 周华龙
  • 作者简介:许春树(1981—),男,高级工程师,研究方向为鞋用材料的功能设计及检测分析。E-mail:echose@126.com
  • 基金资助:
    省部级科学基金(FJQI2012060)

Effects of graphene oxide/carbon nanotubes on the properties of several typical polymer materials

XU Chunshu1,2(), YAO Qingda2,3, LIANG Yongxian2, ZHOU Hualong2,4()   

  1. 1.Jinjiang Testing Institute of Quality and Metrology, Quanzhou 362200, Fujian, China
    2.Advanced Polymer Materials Research Center of Sichuan University, Quanzhou 362700, Fujian, China
    3.Xingye Leather Technology Limited Company, Quanzhou 362200, Fujian, China
    4.National Engineering Laboratory for Clean Technology of Leather Manufacture, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610000, Sichuan, China
  • Received:2022-08-02 Revised:2022-09-21 Online:2023-06-25 Published:2023-06-29
  • Contact: ZHOU Hualong

摘要:

氧化石墨烯/碳纳米管(GO/CNTs)作为理想的碳纳米材料,拥有独特三维空间结构和巨大的比表面积,被广泛应用于增强高分子材料,可提升复合材料物理力学性能、稳定性,并赋予复合材料优异的导热、导电、动态力学等性能。本文介绍了常用于制备GO/CNTs基的制备方法,重点对比了铸层/涂覆法、真空抽滤法、共混法制备复合材料的微观形貌与优缺点,探讨了结构控制与GO/CNTs基复合材料性能的关系,详细介绍了GO的改性、CNTs的改性和GO/CNTs的掺杂与高分子材料的相容性,并对其在环氧树脂、橡胶、可生物降解聚合物的应用进行了分析,探究GO/CNTs对复合材料物理力学性能和功能性的影响,最后总结了GO/CNTs改性高分子材料的技术优势及目前存在的问题,展望未来发展方向,以期对GO/CNTs改性环氧树脂、橡胶等高分子材料制备高附加值产品提供参考。

关键词: 氧化石墨烯/碳纳米管, 纳米材料, 构效关系, 复合材料

Abstract:

Graphene oxide/carbon nanotubes (GO/CNTs), as ideal carbon nanomaterials, have unique three-dimensional spatial structure and huge specific surface area, and are widely used in reinforcing polymer materials, which can improve the physical mechanical properties and stability of composite materials, and endow the composites with excellent thermal conductivity, electrical conductivity and dynamic mechanics, etc. In this paper, the preparation methods commonly used for the preparation of GO/CNTs bases are introduced, and the microscopic morphology, advantages and disadvantages of the composites prepared by the casting/coating method, the vacuum filtration method and the blending method are compared. The relationship between structural control and the properties of GO/CNTs-based composites is discussed. The modification of GO and CNTs, and the compatibility of GO/CNTs doping with polymer materials are introduced in detail. And its application in epoxy resin, rubber and biodegradable polymer is analyzed to explore the effect of GO/CNTs on the physical mechanical properties and functionality of composites. Finally, the technical advantages and current problems of GO/CNTs modified polymer materials are summarized, and the future development direction is prospected in order to provide a reference for the preparation of high value-added products from GO/CNTs modified epoxy resin, rubber and other polymer materials.

Key words: graphene oxide/carbon nanotubes, nanomaterials, structure-activity relationship, composite materials

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