化工进展 ›› 2023, Vol. 42 ›› Issue (S1): 276-286.DOI: 10.16085/j.issn.1000-6613.2023-0423

• 工业催化 • 上一篇    下一篇

非贵金属双功能催化剂在锌空气电池研究进展

张明焱1,2(), 刘燕1,2, 张雪婷1,2, 刘亚科1,2, 李从举3, 张秀玲1,2()   

  1. 1.北京化工大学化学工程学院,北京 100029
    2.北京化工大学有机无机复合材料国家重点实验室,北京 100029
    3.北京科技大学能源与环境工程学院,北京 100083
  • 收稿日期:2023-03-20 修回日期:2023-06-20 出版日期:2023-10-25 发布日期:2023-11-30
  • 通讯作者: 张秀玲
  • 作者简介:张明焱(2000—),女,硕士研究生,研究方向为催化剂、锌空气电池。E-mail:zhangmingyan1216@163.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家自然科学基金青年基金(52103250);高校基本科研业务费项目(buctrc202213);有机无机复合材料国家重点实验室开放基金(oic-202301001)

Research progress of non-noble metal bifunctional catalysts in zinc-air batteries

ZHANG Mingyan1,2(), LIU Yan1,2, ZHANG Xueting1,2, LIU Yake1,2, LI Congju3, ZHANG Xiuling1,2()   

  1. 1.College of Chemical Engineering, Beijing University of Chemical Technology, Beijing 100029, China
    2.State Key Laboratory of Organic-Inorganic Composites, Beijing University of Chemical Technology, Beijing 100029, China
    3.School of Energy and Environmental Engineering, University of Science and Technology Beijing, Beijing 100083, China
  • Received:2023-03-20 Revised:2023-06-20 Online:2023-10-25 Published:2023-11-30
  • Contact: ZHANG Xiuling

摘要:

基于氧还原反应(ORR)和氧析出反应(OER)的锌空气电池空气阴极动力学缓慢,制约了锌空气电池的进一步发展。贵金属催化剂具有高催化活性,但成本高、稳定性差等问题限制了其进一步应用。通过开发高活性、低成本非贵金属双功能催化剂能够有效解决上述问题。本文在介绍锌空气电池的结构和性质的基础上,系统介绍了不同种类的非贵金属催化剂在锌空气电池中的研究进展,如MOF衍生的双功能催化剂、非金属双功能催化剂、过渡金属双功能催化剂等,介绍了不同种类催化剂的优缺点,并对催化剂的催化活性中心和电化学性质进行阐述。最后,进一步指出对特定催化剂金属活性位点的增加和形貌结构的调控是该领域的研究重点,并提出了锌空气电池在表征方式、性能调控和优化电池中应采取的措施。

关键词: 电化学, 催化剂, 复合材料, 氧化, 锌空气电池

Abstract:

The slow kinetics of oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) and oxygen reduction reaction (OER) at air cathode restricts the further development of zinc-air battery. Precious metal catalysts have high catalytic activity, but the high cost and poor stability limit their further application. These challenges can be effectively overcome by developing highly active, low-cost non-precious metal bifunctional catalysts. After the introduction of the structure and properties of Zn-air batteries, this review systematically introduces the research progress of different types of non-precious metal catalysts in Zn-air batteries, such as MOF-derived bifunctional catalysts, non-metallic bifunctional catalysts and transition metal bifunctional catalysts. The advantages and disadvantages of different types of catalysts are introduced, and the catalytic activity centers and electrochemical properties of the catalysts are explained. Finally, the addition of metal active sites and the modulation of the morphological structure of specific catalysts are pointed out as research priorities in this field, and measures to be taken in the characterization, performance modulation and cell optimization of zinc-air batteries are suggested.

Key words: electrochemistry, catalyst, composites, oxidation, zinc-air battery

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