化工进展 ›› 2021, Vol. 40 ›› Issue (S1): 291-300.doi: 10.16085/j.issn.1000-6613.2021-0239

• 材料科学与技术 • 上一篇    下一篇

氧化石墨烯分离膜的性能调控及其传质机理研究进展

胡慧敏1,2(), 方小峰1,2, 娄蒙蒙1,2, 刘帅1,2, 徐晨烨1,2, 李方1,2()   

  1. 1.国家环境保护纺织工业污染防治工程技术中心,上海 201620
    2.东华大学环境科学与工程学院,上海 201620
  • 收稿日期:2021-01-31 修回日期:2021-03-04 出版日期:2021-10-25 发布日期:2021-11-11
  • 通讯作者: 李方 E-mail:2191677@mail.dhu.edu.cn;lifang@dhu.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:胡慧敏(1996—),女,硕士研究生,研究方向为膜分离与废水处理。E-mail:2191677@mail.dhu.edu.cn
  • 基金资助:
    上海市“科技创新行动计划”扬帆计划(20YF1400100);中央高校基本科研业务费专项(2232020D-27)

Research process on performance regulation and mass transfer mechanism of graphene oxide separation membrane

HU Huimin1,2(), FANG Xiaofeng1,2, LOU Mengmeng1,2, LIU Shuai1,2, XU Chenye1,2, LI Fang1,2()   

  1. 1.National Environmental Protection Textile Industry Pollution Prevention and Control Engineering Technology Center, Shanghai 201620, China
    2.College of Environmental Science and Engineering, Donghua University, Shanghai 201620, China
  • Received:2021-01-31 Revised:2021-03-04 Online:2021-10-25 Published:2021-11-11
  • Contact: LI Fang E-mail:2191677@mail.dhu.edu.cn;lifang@dhu.edu.cn

摘要:

氧化石墨烯(GO)作为理想的膜构筑材料,因其蜂窝状的结构特点及表面分布大量含氧基团的特性,被广泛用于水处理分离膜的构筑。GO膜具有良好的物理特性、优异的化学稳定性和独特的二维层状结构,在污水处理、脱盐和离子筛分等水处理领域备受关注。在水处理中,GO膜对有机物和离子有较好的截留效果,但也存在水通量低、稳定性差等问题。本文分析了近年来GO膜在水处理领域的研究新进展;简单总结了GO膜的制备方法和水处理应用;重点阐述了GO水处理膜分离性能优化的方法和传质机理的研究进展;最后总结并展望了GO膜在结构调控和性能提升方面的发展方向。本文为设计和制备高性能GO水处理膜提供参考。

关键词: 氧化石墨烯, 分离膜, 水处理, 优化, 传质

Abstract:

Due to the unique honeycomb structure with a large number of oxygen-containing groups, graphene oxide (GO) has been widely used as ideal construction blocks for water treatment separation membrane. GO membrane has good physical properties, excellent chemical stability and unique two-dimensional layered structure, which has attracted increasing attention in the fields of wastewater treatment, desalination, and ion sieving. In the water treatment processes, GO membrane shows good retention effect on organic matter and ions, however, meanwhile, the membrane itself suffers from some problems such as low water flux and poor stability. This paper reviews the current research progress of GO membrane in water treatment, including the preparation method and water treatment application of GO membrane, optimized method of separation performance and mass transfer mechanism on GO membrane. Finally, the development directions of GO membrane in structure regulation and performance improvement is summarized and prospected. It provides some references for designing and preparing GO membrane with high performance in water treatment.

Key words: graphene oxide, membranes, water treatment, optimization, mass transfer

中图分类号: 

  • X703