化工进展 ›› 2022, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (1): 182-191.doi: 10.16085/j.issn.1000-6613.2021-0328

• 能源加工与技术 • 上一篇    下一篇

粉煤热解干法熄焦余热回收工艺流程分析及模试

樊英杰1,2(), 党敏辉2, 张杰1, 吴志强1, 杨伯伦1()   

  1. 1.西安交通大学化学工程与技术学院,陕西省能源化工过程强化重点实验室,陕西 西安 710049
    2.陕西煤业 化工技术研究院有限责任公司,陕西 西安 710065
  • 收稿日期:2021-02-15 修回日期:2021-03-16 出版日期:2022-01-05 发布日期:2022-01-24
  • 通讯作者: 杨伯伦 E-mail:fanyingjie@aliyun.com;blunyang@mail.xjtu.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:樊英杰(1982—),博士研究生,研究方向为煤炭分质转化。E-mail:fanyingjie@aliyun.com
  • 基金资助:
    国家重点研发计划(2016YFB0600400)

Process analysis and model scale investigation on waste heat recovery from semi-coke dry quenching of pulverized coal pyrolysis

FAN Yingjie1,2(), DANG Minhui2, ZHANG Jie1, WU Zhiqiang1, YANG Bolun1()   

  1. 1.Shaanxi Key Laboratory of Energy Chemical Process Intensification, School of Chemical Engineering and Technology, Xi’an Jiaotong University, Xi’an 710049, Shaanxi, China
    2.Shaanxi Coal and Chemical Industry Group Co. , Ltd. , Xi’an 710065, Shaanxi, China
  • Received:2021-02-15 Revised:2021-03-16 Online:2022-01-05 Published:2022-01-24
  • Contact: YANG Bolun E-mail:fanyingjie@aliyun.com;blunyang@mail.xjtu.edu.cn

摘要:

针对现有粉煤热解生产过程中水资源消耗大、半焦水分含量高、环境污染严重等问题,本文提出利用惰性气体作为熄焦介质实现干法熄焦以及余热回收干燥煤粉的新工艺。通过系统模拟研究不同循环介质(氮气、二氧化碳、烟气及煤气等)的初始温度、水汽含量、流量等操作条件对热解半焦熄焦冷却后温度和煤干燥预热后温度的影响规律,分析该工艺节水、节能效果,开展了万吨级粉煤热解模试验证。结果表明,采用干法熄焦处理热解半焦并回收余热的工艺技术可行,熄焦后半焦温度和煤干燥预热出口温度与干燥介质种类无显著关系,与气体比热容密切相关;与湿法熄焦相比,干法熄焦工艺具有显著节能效果且耗水为零,在满足工艺要求的同时可以回用半焦显热的65%~75%。理论分析和试验均证实了干法熄焦余热回收具有良好的应用前景。

关键词: 热解, 模拟, 焦化, 系统工程, 热传导

Abstract:

Aiming at the problems of the large consumption of water resources, high moisture content of semi-coke, and severe environmental pollution in the production process of pulverized coal pyrolysis, the process flow of semi-coke dry quenching and waste heat recovery for drying pulverized coal by using inert gas as the cooling medium was proposed. The influence of initial temperature, water content, flow rate of different circulation media (nitrogen, carbon dioxide, flue gas, and coal gas) on the temperature of quenching semi-coke and preheated coal was studied by system simulation. The effect of water-saving and energy-saving was analyzed, and the model test based on 10000-ton pulverized coal pyrolysis was carried out. The results showed that the technology of waste heat recovery from dry quenching of semi-coke was feasible. The temperature of semi-coke after coke quenching and the outlet temperature of preheating coal have no significant relationship with the type of cooling medium but were closely related to the cooling medium's specific heat. Compared with the wet quenching, the dry process had a significant energy-saving effect and zero water consumption, which could reuse 65%—75% of the sensible heat of semi-coke while meeting the process requirements. Theoretical analysis and experimental results showed that dry quenching waste heat recovery had a good application prospect.

Key words: pyrolysis, simulation, coking, system engineering, heat conduction

中图分类号: 

  • TQ520.6