化工进展 ›› 2022, Vol. 41 ›› Issue (12): 6664-6671.DOI: 10.16085/j.issn.1000-6613.2022-0304

• 资源与环境化工 • 上一篇    下一篇

软锰矿-含油污泥基活性炭对亚甲基蓝的吸附特性

樊相汝(), 羊依金(), 郭旭晶, 张全碧   

  1. 成都信息工程大学资源环境学院,四川 成都 610225
  • 收稿日期:2022-02-28 修回日期:2022-04-21 出版日期:2022-12-20 发布日期:2022-12-29
  • 通讯作者: 羊依金
  • 作者简介:樊相汝(1997—),女,硕士研究生,研究方向为固体废物资源化与水污染控制。E-mail:fanxiangru1997@163.com
  • 基金资助:
    四川省科技计划重点研发项目(2021YFG0267)

Study on the adsorption characteristics of methylene blue by soft manganese ore-oil sludge-based activated carbon

FAN Xiangru(), YANG Yijin(), GUO Xujing, ZHANG Quanbi   

  1. College of Resources and Environment, Chengdu University of Information Technology, Chengdu 610225, Sichuan, China
  • Received:2022-02-28 Revised:2022-04-21 Online:2022-12-20 Published:2022-12-29
  • Contact: YANG Yijin

摘要:

以含油污泥为原料,添加适量软锰矿制备活性炭,用于吸附水中的亚甲基蓝并探究其吸附性能与吸附机制。采用SEM、BET、XPS、FTIR表征活性炭的微观形貌和物相结构,利用二维红外相关光谱探究活性炭与亚甲基蓝的吸附点位及吸附机制。结果表明,活性炭是比表面积达464.409m2/g的介孔材料,且表面含有大量的含氧官能团,活性炭吸附亚甲基蓝的过程符合准二级动力学方程和Langmuir模型,主要受化学吸附控制的单分子层吸附。结合移动窗口二维红外相关光谱分析发现,在活性炭吸附亚甲基蓝的过程中吸附较低浓度的亚甲基蓝参与的官能团较多,以各种含氧官能团为主,当亚甲基蓝浓度升高,以π-π相互作用为主;吸附机制包括氢键作用、含氧官能团参与和π-π相互作用等。

关键词: 含油污泥, 亚甲基蓝, 吸附, 吸附机理, 移动窗口二维相关光谱

Abstract:

Activated carbon was prepared from oily sludge and pyrolusite, which was used to adsorb methylene blue in water, and its adsorption performance and mechanism were explored. SEM, BET, XPS and FTIR were used to characterize the micro-morphology and phase structure of activated carbon. Two-dimensional correlation spectroscopy (2D-COS) in combination with FITR was used to explore the adsorption point and mechanism of activated carbon and methylene blue. The results showed that activated carbon was a mesoporous material with a specific surface area of 464.4m2/g, which contained a large number of oxygen-containing functional groups. The adsorption process of methylene blue by activated carbon, which was monolayer adsorption controlled by chemical adsorption, accorded with pseudo-second-order kinetic equation and Langmuir model. Combined with the results of FTIR and moving-window 2D-COS analysis, more functional groups participated in the adsorption process of methylene blue with lower concentrations, in which contain oxygen was dominant. The π-π interaction played a primary role in higher concentrations of methylene blue. The adsorption mechanism included hydrogen bonding, oxygen-containing functional groups and π-π interaction.

Key words: oil-bearing sludge, methylene blue, adsorption, adsorption mechanism, moving-window 2D-correlation spectroscopy (COS)

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