化工进展 ›› 2023, Vol. 42 ›› Issue (9): 4496-4503.DOI: 10.16085/j.issn.1000-6613.2022-1934

• 化工过程与装备 • 上一篇    下一篇

液化天然气绕管式换热器壳侧混合工质流动及传热特性

陈林1,2(), 徐培渊1,3, 张晓慧4, 陈杰4(), 徐振军5, 陈嘉祥1, 密晓光4, 冯永昌1, 梅德清3   

  1. 1.中国科学院工程热物理研究所,北京 100190
    2.中国科学院大学,北京 100049
    3.江苏大学汽车与交通工程 学院,江苏 镇江 212016
    4.中海石油气电集团技术研发中心,北京 100028
    5.青岛农业大学建筑工程学院,山东 青岛 266109
  • 收稿日期:2022-10-18 修回日期:2022-12-26 出版日期:2023-09-15 发布日期:2023-09-28
  • 通讯作者: 陈杰
  • 作者简介:陈林(1987—),男,博士,研究员,博士生导师,研究方向为超临界流体及LNG装备。E-mail:chenlin2018@iet.cn
  • 基金资助:
    中海石油气电集团有限责任公司研究项目(GP-YF-CB-2020-015/016);中国科学院前沿科学重点研究计划(ZDBS-LY-JSC018);国家自然科学基金(52106033);中国科学院人才启动经费项目

Investigation on the LNG mixed refrigerant flow and heat transfer characteristics in coil-wounded heat exchanger (CWHE) system

CHEN Lin1,2(), XU Peiyuan1,3, ZHANG Xiaohui4, CHEN Jie4(), XU Zhenjun5, CHEN Jiaxiang1, MI Xiaoguang4, FENG Yongchang1, MEI Deqing3   

  1. 1.Institute of Engineering Thermophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190, China
    2.University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
    3.School of Automotive and Traffic Engineering, Jiangsu University, Zhenjiang 212016, Jiangsu, China
    4.R&D Center, CNOOC Gas & Power Group, Beijing 100028, China
    5.College of Civil Engineering & Architecture, Qingdao Agricultural University, Qingdao 266109, Shandong, China
  • Received:2022-10-18 Revised:2022-12-26 Online:2023-09-15 Published:2023-09-28
  • Contact: CHEN Jie

摘要:

绕管式换热器壳侧的流动及传热特性对大型液化天然气/浮式液化天然气装备设计和优化具有重要意义。本文建立了两相流动沸腾数值模型以预测壳侧流型、压降及其传热效果。通过耦合VOF模型、相变传质模型和表面张力模型,探究了不同质流密度、干度等因素对壳侧流动传热特性的影响,并通过绕管式换热器流动换热实验平台进行了实验验证,证明了模拟所得规律与实验结果有良好的吻合性。结果表明:压降随干度的增加而增加;传热系数随干度的增加有所减小;壳侧制冷剂在不同干度下主要呈现柱状流、滴状流、气状流等流型。本研究为设计和优化绕管式换热器提供了理论基础。

关键词: 数值模型, 绕管式换热器, 流动压降, 沸腾传热

Abstract:

The flow and heat transfer characteristics on the shell side of the wound tube heat exchanger are of great significance to the design and optimization of LNG/FLNG systems. To solve this problem, a two-phase flow boiling numerical model was established to predict the pressure drop and heat transfer coefficient in the shell side. The VOF model, the phase-change mass transfer model and the surface tension model were added to study the influence of different factors such as mass flow density and dryness on the flow and heat transfer characteristics at the shell side, and the experimental verification was carried out through the flow and heat transfer experimental platform of the wound tube heat exchanger, which proved that the simulation rules were in good agreement with the experimental results. The results showed that the pressure drop increased with the increase of dryness; the heat transfer coefficient decreased with the increase of dryness; the shell side refrigerant mainly presented columnar flow, droplet flow, gaseous flow and other flow patterns under different dryness. This study provideed a theoretical basis for the design and optimization of the coiled tube heat exchanger.

Key words: numerical simulation, coil-wound heat exchanger, flow and pressure drop, boiling heat transfer

中图分类号: 

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