化工进展 ›› 2016, Vol. 35 ›› Issue (10): 3301-3305.doi: 10.16085/j.issn.1000-6613.2016.10.040

• 精细化工 • 上一篇    下一篇

高效绿色多功能水基清洗剂的研制

古蒙蒙1, 蔡卫权1,2   

  1. 1 武汉理工大学化学化工与生命科学学院, 湖北 武汉 430070;
    2 武汉理工大学硅酸盐建筑材料国家重点实验室, 湖北 武汉 430070
  • 收稿日期:2016-02-22 修回日期:2016-05-11 出版日期:2016-10-05 发布日期:2016-10-05
  • 通讯作者: 蔡卫权,博士,教授,博士生导师,E-mail:caiwq@whut.edu.cn E-mail:caiwq@whut.edu.cn
  • 作者简介:古蒙蒙(1990-),女,硕士研究生。

Development of green multi-functional water-based metal cleaning agents with high detergency

GU Mengmeng1, CAI Weiquan1,2   

  1. 1 School of Chemistry, Chemical Engineering and Life Science, Wuhan 430070, Hubei, China;
    2 State Key Laboratory of Silicate Materials for Architectures, Wuhan University of Technology, Wuhan 430070, Hubei, China
  • Received:2016-02-22 Revised:2016-05-11 Online:2016-10-05 Published:2016-10-05

摘要: 采用工业级烷基糖苷(APG0810)、脂肪酸甲酯乙氧基化物(FMEE)、椰子油脂肪酸二乙醇酰胺(6501)与自来水进行复配,制备用于厨房稠油垢、金属表面矿物油和抛光蜡去除并且配方简单的绿色多功能水基清洗剂。在3因素4水平正交试验研究清洗剂配方组成对其去污效果影响的基础上,考察了6501含量和温度对该清洗剂去污力的影响,并研究了较佳配方组成条件下该清洗剂的综合清洗性能。结果表明,影响该清洗剂去污力从大到小的配方因素依次为6501、APG0810和FMEE,其较佳配方组成为APG0810 2.6%、FMEE 5.2%、6501 4.5%、自来水87.7%;该清洗剂具有较好的高温稳定性和低温稳定性,在室温下对稠油垢、矿物油和抛光蜡的去污力分别为95.4%、90.4%和92.4%,45℃时基本清除这3种类型的污垢。

关键词: 非离子表面活性剂, 多功能水基清洗剂, 稠油垢, 矿物油, 抛光蜡

Abstract: A green multi-functional water-based cleaning agent with simple formulas for removal of thick kitchen grease,mineral oil and polishing wax on metal surfaces was successfully prepared by mixing industrial grade non-ionic surfactants including alkyl polyglucoside(APG0810),fatty acid methyl ester ethoxylates(FMEE),coconut oil fatty acid diethanol amide(6501)and tap water. Effects of 6501 content and cleaning temperature were analyzed based on the influence level of the formula compositions on the detergency performance of the cleaning agent using an orthogonal experiment with 3 factors and 4 levels. Comprehensive cleaning performance of the cleaning agent under the condition of the best formula compositions was also studied. The results showed that the influence level of the cleaning agent on the detergency of the cleaning agent from greatest influence to least was as follows:6501,APG0810 and FMEE;in addition,it has better formula compositions of APG0810 2.6%,FMEE 5.2%,6501 4.5% and water 87.7%. The developed cleaning agent is good in high temperature stability and low temperature stability simultaneously; its detergency towards kitchen thick grease,mineral oil and polishing wax on metal surfaces at 25℃ are 95.4%,90.4% and 92.4%,respectively,and it can almost completely remove the three kinds of residues at 45℃.

Key words: nonionic surfactant, multi-functional water-based cleaning agent, heavy oil foulant, foulant mineral oil, polishing wax

中图分类号: 

  • TQ649